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Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National Standards Body of India, was established under The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 now revised to The Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016. To protect the interest of consumers, BIS operates a variety of Conformity Assessment Schemes for manufacturers and service providers for a variety of goods and services. Under the Product Certification Scheme, the licensed manufacturers can use the Standard Mark, popularly known as the ISI mark, on their products which conform to the relevant Indian Standards. Under the Compulsory Registration Schemes, BIS registers the manufacturers for self-declaration of conformity whose products conform to the relevant Indian Standards as assessed through testing at BIS recognized laboratories. Both the Schemes require testing of products for quality evaluation against the respective Standard and therefore there is need for testing facilities. It is in this context that BIS has established a network of eight laboratories of its own in the country to cater to testing of samples generated from its Conformity Assessment Schemes.

BIS operates Laboratory Recognition Scheme which is governed by the provisions under Section 13 (4) of the BIS Act 2016 and Rule 32 of the BIS Rules, 2018. These statutory provisions confer upon BIS, powers to recognize any laboratory in India or outside India for carrying out testing of samples in relation to conformity assessment and such other functions as the Bureau may assign to it.

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